The island of Santorini is known for its stunning landscapes, beautiful beaches, and its rich and storied past.
Santorini was first settled in the Neolithic period, around 3000 BC, and has been continuously inhabited ever since. The island was known as “Strongyle” or “Round Island” in ancient times and was home to a thriving Minoan civilization that prospered until the eruption of the Thera volcano in 1627 BC.
The eruption of Thera was one of the largest volcanic events in human history, causing significant destruction and devastation throughout the Aegean. The eruption resulted in the creation of a massive caldera that formed Santorini’s distinctive crescent shape. Archaeological evidence suggests that the Minoan civilization on Santorini was severely impacted by the eruption and may have contributed to the civilization’s ultimate decline.
Over the centuries, Santorini was inhabited by a variety of civilizations, including the Mycenaeans, the Dorians, the Byzantines, and the Venetians. The island’s strategic location made it an important center of trade and commerce throughout its history.
During the medieval period, Santorini was controlled by various powers, including the Venetians, who built the island’s signature cliffside towns of Oia and Fira, as well as several castles and fortifications. The island was later incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century and remained under Ottoman control until the Greek War of Independence in the early 19th century.
Today, Santorini is a popular tourist destination, known for its stunning views, charming villages, and rich history.